Organic farming can be simply defined as a compendium of agricultural techniques which usually excludes the use in agriculture and livestock of synthetic chemicals such as fertilizers, pesticides, antibiotics, etc., in order to preserve the environment, maintain or increase soil fertility and provide food with all its natural properties.
Organic farming has been legally regulated in Spain since 1989, when the "Organic Farming" Regulation was adopted, which was applicable until the Regulation (EEC) 2092/91 came into force.
Since 1st January 2009 Organic Production has been regulated under Regulation (EC) 834/2007 regarding organic production, labeling and inspection, and R (EC) 1235/2008 regarding Organic Product Import from third countries.
ANDALUSIAN REGIONAL GOVERNMENT
Inspection and certification of organic agricultural production in Spain is taken under Autonomous Communities and it is carried out mainly by Public Inspection Authorities, through territorial Councils or Ecological Agriculture Committees.
As a distinguishing feature for the consumer to select the products from organic farming on the market, the labels bear the authority and Inspection Body Codes.
This certificate certifies that the crop or industry where the product has been produced is subject to the corresponding controls and inspections of the Agency established for that purpose in the respective Autonomous Community. It is, in turn, the only official guarantee that the product provides the quality the consumer deserves and complies with the standards established in Regulation (EC) 834/2007 and its implementing provisions.
COMITE ANDALUZ DE AGRICULTURA ECOLÓGICA
CAAE is the certification body specialized in Organic Production that certifies more hectares in Europe. More than 1,000,000 hectares.
The main mission of the CAAE is the development of certified Organic Agriculture and Livestock, ensuring the quality of products covered under the indication of Organic Agriculture and contributing to the improvement of the competitiveness of Andalusian, Manchego and Extremadura companies through innovation and technological development. It also has among its aims the protection of the Environment and Rural Development.
Certified Quality is the hallmark with which the Andalusian Regional Government recognizes products with guaranteed quality in production and manufacturing.
From this mark, they can have, after the pertinent application for authorization, the products covered by Certification of Origin, Protected Geographical Indications, Traditional Specialties Guaranteed, Organic Agriculture, foods authorized for the use of the guarantee mark of Integrated Production and agri-food products and Fishery certified by accredited certification bodies, both for products covered by product specifications or certified private protocols.
The organic production logo of the EU and its Member States complements the usual labeling and increase the visibility of this type of food and drink for consumers.
Those who purchase products marked with the EU logo can be fully confident that at least 95% of the ingredients have been produced ecologically, that the product complies with the standards of the official inspection plan and comes directly from the producer in a sealed container with the inspection body code
The Bio-Siegel is the national coordinating label of Germany which identifies agricultural products and organically produced foods, independent from associations and brands.
Bio-Siegel can be used to label all products which are produced and inspected in accordance with Regulation (EEC) No 2092/91 on organic production of agricultural products (EU Ecolabel) and whether at least 95% of the agricultural products come from organic farming.
FOOD ADMINISTRATION (USA)
The FDA is responsible for protecting public health by regulating human and veterinary drugs, vaccines and other biological products, medical devices, food supplies, cosmetics, dietary supplements, and radiation-emitting products.
It improves public health by promoting product innovations and providing the public with accurate, scientifically based information that enables them to use medicines and food to improve their health.
JAPANESE AGRICULTURAL STANDARD
The JAS Certificate is the certificate of Japanese organic agricultural production, created by the Ministry of Forestry, Fisheries and Agriculture of Japan.
The Green JAS logo is for organic food and certifies that the products have been produced according to the organic JAS standards.
Before shipment, all products must be classified (Grading) and have a traceability process, applicable to each product.
Facilities are inspected annually to maintain certification.